Bonds vs Stocks: A Beginners Guide

When Would a Bond Be Called?

A pre-refunding bond is a type of bond issued to fund the issuance of a callable bond. A bond is a fixed-income investment that represents a loan made by an investor to a borrower, ususally corporate or governmental. Finally, you can employ certain bond strategies to help protect your portfolio from call risk. Laddering, for example, is the practice of buying bonds with different maturity dates. If you have a laddered portfolio and some of your bonds are called, your other bonds with many years left until maturity may still be new enough to be under call protection. And your bonds nearer maturity won’t be called, because the costs of calling the issue wouldn’t be worth it for the company. While only some bonds are at risk of being called, your overall portfolio remains stable.

Reopened securities have the same maturity date and interest rate as the original securities, but a different issue date, and usually, a different price. If the price of the reopened security is greater than its face value, the purchaser has to pay a premium. The yield to worst is something that a bond investor needs to be aware of. That’s because it presents a risk if they are expecting to hold the bond until maturity. For example, let’s say the investor expects to receive a 5 percent yield to maturity. However, if the bond gets called at the first possible call date, they will receive a 3 percent yield to worst instead. There are no guarantees that the bond will get called, but it’s a risk that the investor must keep in mind.


Block Jewel

Benefits and risks of bonds

Price – the price of a call option to redeem the bond before maturity. When you are buying a bond on the secondary market, it’s important to understand any call features, which your broker is required to disclose in writing when transacting a bond. Usually call provisions can be inspected in the issue’s indenture. Celebrity Endorsements Read our Investor Alert to learn why a celebrity endorsement does not mean that an investment is legitimate or that it is appropriate for all investors. U.S. Bancorp Investments is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as both a broker-dealer and an investment adviser.

  • In the event of a default, you may lose some or all of the income you were entitled to, and even some or all of principal amount invested.
  • Moody’s rating a bond rating system used by Moody’s to specify its assessment of the quality of bonds (e.g., Aaa for best quality bonds, Baa for a lower quality than Aaa, etc.).
  • The presence of a sinking fund is not an added guarantee of an investment.
  • Of course, diversification generally cannot assure a profit or protect against a loss, and investments in mutual funds carry specific costs such as management fees and operating expenses .
  • This may influence which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page.
  • The bond’s susceptibility to changes in value is an important consideration when choosing your bonds.

The weaker an issuer becomes, the more likely the bond’s price is to fall and the more likely sinking fund commitments can be met by open market purchases. Thus, the issuer has an option which it pays for by offering a higher coupon rate. If interest rates in the market have gone down by the time of the call date, the issuer will be able to refinance its debt at a cheaper level and so will be incentivized to call the bonds it originally issued.

What Is a Bond Rating Agency?

Like with call options, a callable bond gives companies the right—but not the obligation—to buy back its bonds at a set price. New When Would a Bond Be Called? issues of bonds and other fixed-income instruments will pay a rate of interest that mirrors the currentinterest rateenvironment.

Talk to your wealth professional for more information about how to position fixed income investments as part of a diversified portfolio. Depositors that have posted a cash bond may receive letters in the mail advising them that they are due a refund after the county has already issued a refund to them. These vendors charge a non-refundable fee for their services and are not working on behalf of Harris County. Harris County does not use a third party for issuance of refunds.